“Give me books, French wine, fruit, fine weather and a little music played out of doors by somebody I do not know.”
― John Keats
“I pray you, do not fall in love with me, for I am falser than vows made in wine.”
― William Shakespeare, As You Like It
Old wine and old friends are enough provision.
Good wine carrieth a man to heaven.
Good wine praises itself.
Drunkenness is not the wine’s fault, but the man’s.
A thousand cups of wine do not suffice when true friends meet, but half a sentence is too much when there is no meeting of minds.
Burgundy for Kings, Champagne for Duchesses, and claret for Gentlemen.
The best use of bad wine is to drive away poor relations.
In water one sees one’s own face, but in wine one beholds the heart of another.
There are more old wine drinkers than old doctors.
Drink wine, and you will sleep well. Sleep, and you will not sin. Avoid sin, and you will be saved. Ergo, drink wine and be saved.
Medieval German Saying
Take the drink for the thirst that is yet to come.
One barrel of wine can work more miracles than a church full of saints.
Drink a glass of wine after your soup, and you steal a ruble from the doctor.
With wine and hope, anything is possible.
Good wine ruins the purse; bad wine ruins the stomach
The purpose of swirling wine in a glass is to release its aromas, known as the wine’s bouquet.
But how does it work?
According to physicists from the Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne in Switzerland, swirling fluid in a wine glass creates a wave that propagates around the inner edge of the glass.
“The formation of this wave has probably been known since the introduction of glass or any other kind of cylindrical bowl, but what has been lacking is a description of the physics related to the mixing and oxygenation,” said Mohamed Farhat, senior scientist at the Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne.
Wine lovers have long known that swirling wine draws in oxygen from the air, which intensifies the aroma of the wine.
Farhat and his colleagues explained to the American Physical Society’s Division of Fluid Dynamics in 2011 that “as the wave propagates along the glass wall, the liquid is displaced back and forth from bottom to top and from the center to the periphery.”
“This pumping mechanism, induced by the wave, is more pronounced near the free surface and close to the wall, which enhances the mixing.” His research team also discovered that, “for a given glass shape, the mixing and oxygenation may be optimized with an appropriate choice of shaking diameter and rotation speed.”